Resources

1 Dmitrieva NI, Gagarin A, Liu D, Wu CO, Boehm M. Middle-age high normal serum sodium as a risk factor for accelerated biological aging, chronic diseases, and premature mortality. EBioMedicine. 2023 Jan;87:104404. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104404. Epub 2023 Jan 2. PMID: 36599719; PMCID: PMC9873684.

2 Nakamura Y, Watanabe H, Tanaka A, Yasui M, Nishihira J, Murayama N. Effect of Increased Daily Water Intake and Hydration on Health in Japanese Adults. Nutrients. 2020 Apr 23;12(4):1191. doi: 10.3390/nu12041191. PMID: 32340375; PMCID: PMC7231288.

3 Dmitrieva NI, Gagarin A, Liu D, Wu CO, Boehm M. Middle-age high normal serum sodium as a risk factor for accelerated biological aging, chronic diseases, and premature mortality. EBioMedicine. 2023 Jan;87:104404. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104404. Epub 2023 Jan 2. PMID: 36599719; PMCID: PMC9873684.

4 Roussel R, Fezeu L, Bouby N, Balkau B, Lantieri O, Alhenc-Gelas F, Marre M, Bankir L; D.E.S.I.R. Study Group. Low water intake and risk for new-onset hyperglycemia. Diabetes Care. 2011 Dec;34(12):2551-4. doi: 10.2337/dc11-0652. Epub 2011 Oct 12. PMID: 21994426; PMCID: PMC3220834.

5 Lau WY, Kato H, Nosaka K. Water intake after dehydration makes muscles more susceptible to cramp but electrolytes reverse that effect. BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2019 Mar 5;5(1):e000478. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2018-000478. Erratum in: BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med. 2019 Apr 11;5(1):e000478corr1. PMID: 30899546; PMCID: PMC6407543.

6 Liska D, Mah E, Brisbois T, Barrios PL, Baker LB, Spriet LL. Narrative Review of Hydration and Selected Health Outcomes in the General Population. Nutrients. 2019 Jan 1;11(1):70. doi: 10.3390/nu11010070. PMID: 30609670; PMCID: PMC6356561.

7 https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/water-a-fluid-way-to-manage-constipation

8 Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR. An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages. Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13:47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47. PMID: 24884613; PMCID: PMC4052333.

9 Sollanek KJ, Kenefick RW, Cheuvront SN. Osmolality of Commercially Available Oral Rehydration Solutions: Impact of Brand, Storage Time, and Temperature. Nutrients. 2019 Jun 29;11(7):1485. doi: 10.3390/nu11071485. PMID: 31261904; PMCID: PMC6682936.

10 Tai CY, Joy JM, Falcone PH, Carson LR, Mosman MM, Straight JL, Oury SL, Mendez C Jr, Loveridge NJ, Kim MP, Moon JR. An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages. Nutr J. 2014 May 26;13:47. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-47. PMID: 24884613; PMCID: PMC4052333.

11 Leiper JB. Fate of ingested fluids: factors affecting gastric emptying and intestinal absorption of beverages in humans. Nutr Rev. 2015 Sep;73 Suppl 2:57-72. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuv032. Erratum in: Nutr Rev. 2020 Sep 1;78(9):781. PMID: 26290292.

12 https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/vitamins-and-minerals#:~:text=A%20number%20of%20minerals%20are,fluoride%2C%20manganese%2C%20and%20selenium.

13 Blau JN. Seeing and feeling headaches. Trans Med Soc Lond. 2005-2006;122:101-13. PMID: 21980760.

14 https://time.com/5646632/how-much-water-to-drink/

15 Houston MC, Harper KJ. Potassium, magnesium, and calcium: their role in both the cause and treatment of hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2008 Jul;10(7 Suppl 2):3-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2008.08575.x. PMID: 18607145; PMCID: PMC8109864.

16 Cleary MA, Sweeney LA, Kendrick ZV, Sitler MR. Dehydration and symptoms of delayed-onset muscle soreness in hyperthermic males. J Athl Train. 2005 Oct-Dec;40(4):288-97. PMID: 16404450; PMCID: PMC1323290.